Trademark Registration Process and Classes in India

trademark registration process
What is a Trademark?

When a mark is associated to identify you and the services you provide, it is called a service mark. Technically, a trademark is a mark associated to identify the services and goods you offer as a whole.

The sole purpose of having a trademark for your company is to let other companies and customers know the source of the services and goods and to distinguish you from the other companies in the industry.

What do Trademarks do?

A trademark not just gives the trademark proprietor the elite right to utilize the stamp yet, in addition, enables the proprietor to keep others from using a similar mark that can be mistaken by the general population. A trademark can’t, nonetheless, prevent someone else or organization from making or offering similar products or administration under the other stamp. Rights to a mark can be built up through the authentic utilization of the check in a business or business setting.

At the point when a man asserts the rights to a specific check, he or she is permitted to utilize “TM” (for a trademark) and “SM” (for an administration stamp) to assign that the check is trademarked. The image “®” assigns government enlistment and can consequently just be utilized after the G enlists the check, which means the image can’t be utilized when an application is pending. Likewise, the ® image may just be utilized with merchandise and ventures that were recorded in the government trademark application.

The Trademark Registration Process

Trademark Registration can be obtained for logos, slogans, numerical, devices and many more from the Government of India. However, the complete registration of a trademark is a tedious process and takes up 18-20 months. Below is the step-by-step procedure of the trademark registration process.

  1. Trademark Search: Trademark searching is a vital and yet disregarded part of trademark registration. Trademark Searching, whenever done early, could help recognize potential dangers and liabilities that exist when utilizing a name regarding products or administrations. Before starting the trademark enrollment process, the business visionary or a trademark proficient must lead a trademark pursuit of the trademark database. A trademark pursuit will give data about same or comparative trademark that has just been documented with the trademark vault. A trademark hunt can be directed by visiting the Trademark Registrar Website. The accompanying pointers should be remembered while looking:
    • Search should cover the comparative and deceptively comparable trademarks enlisted or connected with the Indian trademark vault, which may represent a risk to the enrollment of the given check.
    • The inquiry should cover International Trademark Databases, as a universal Trademark application could be a potential danger for the chosen Mark.
    • Search should incorporate all Published, Registered, Expired, and Abandoned Trademarks in the Indian trademark databases.
    • All the as of late distributed Trademark journals ought to likewise be looked over amid the hunt (as the databases may not be refreshed with them as of late discharged imprints).
  2. Identify the Classes and Services: It is essential to identify the classes in which you wish to look for assurance for your trademark before filing the trademark application. An application ought to be made in the pertinent classes of current products/benefits and additionally in classes where there is a goal to utilize. All merchandise and enterprises are isolated into 45 classes. The ninth release of the NICE universal classification system is followed in India.
  3. Trademark Filling: After the trademark search alongside identification of classes and goods are finished, the application for trademark enlistment can be documented with the Trademark Registrar. A trademark application can be petitioned for single or multiclass. Applications, claiming priority can be documented a half year before the need date. The application for enrollment of a trademark must be made in the recommended way and documented alongside the expense for trademark enlistment. The trademark application can be documented at one of the five Trademark Registrar Office having locale over the State or on the web.
  4. Trademark Application Allotment: When the application is documenting is done, the vault will issue an official receipt with the filing date and number allocated to the shape inside a couple of working days. The priority of the application is designated according to this application number. Further, the candidate can begin using the TM mark on getting this application number and track the further procedure on the web. Normally, on getting trademark application allocation number, the proprietor of the trademark can affix the TM mark by the logo.
  5. Vienna Codification: The Vienna Codification was set up by the Vienna Agreement (1973). It is a universal characterization of metaphorical components of imprints. Vienna code arrangement is the following stage after the recording of the application. In this stage, Registrar will apply the Vienna characterization to the trademark dependent on the typical components of the check. You can comprehend that your application is in this phase when the status of your application reads “Sent for Vienna Codification.”
  6. Trademark Examination: When Vienna Codification is finished, the trademark enrollment application will be allocated to a Trademark Officer in the Trademark Registrar Office. The Trademark Officer would then survey the trademark application for rightness and issue a trademark examination report. The Trademark Officer can acknowledge the trademark enlistment application and take into account trademark journal distribution or protest the trademark enrollment application.

    If the trademark enlistment application is questioned by the Trademark Office, the trademark candidate has the privilege to show up before the Trademark Officer and address the protests.To overcome the protest, it is important to document a composed response or displaying proof of gained uniqueness and as a rule, a meeting/hearing with the analyst is posted. The Registrar may require the candidate to file an affidavit vouching for such client with exhibits displaying the mark as used.

    If the accompanying examination, the trademark application is viewed as reasonable, a Letter of Acceptance (TLA arrange) will issue, after which the trademark will be distributed in the Trade Marks Journal. If there are no resistances inside four months from the date of notice in the Trade Marks Journal, the trademark enrollment testament will issue. In the event that the Trademark Officer isn’t content with the method of reasoning, the trademark candidate has the privilege to bid the choice of the Trademark Officer before the Intellectual Property Appellate Board.
  7. Trademark Journal Publication: The TO passes the following stage after the application, the trademark journal publication, wherein the proposed trademark is published in the Trademark Journal. The Trademark journal is distributed each week. When the stamp is posted in the Journal, the general population have a chance to protest it in the event that they have significant grounds. The outsider needs to document the trademark resistance inside three months (extendable by multi-month) from the date of distribution of the trademark.

    If the stamp is protested, a meeting is held by the Trademark Hearing Officer. In this consultation both the gatherings are given a reasonable portrayal to display their cases. After hearing the two gatherings and dependent on bits of proof, the consultation officer will convey his judgment. An intrigue can be settled on against this choice with the Intellectual Property Appellate Board.
  8. Trademark Registration: The trademark manuscript and registration certificate will be sent to the application once all the objections are cleared regarding the application. The trademark application can be considered as registered by then, granting the trademark owner exclusive use of the mark. The ® symbol can now be placed next to the logo or trademark.
Trademark Classification in India
Trademark Classification of Goods


Class Number Industry Description
Class 1 Chemicals Chemical used in industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry.
Class 2 Paints Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters; decorators; printers and artists.
Class 3 Cosmetics & cleaning preparations Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning; polishing; scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions, dentifrices.
Class 4 Oil & Lubricants Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels- including motor spirit and illuminants; candles, wicks.
Class 5 Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; materials for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparation for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.
Class 6 Metal Goods Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores.
Class 7 Machinery Machines and machine tools; motors and engines- except for land vehicles; machine coupling and transmission components- except for land vehicles; agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs.
Class 8 Hand Tools Hand tools and implements- hand-operated; cutlery; side arms; razors.
Class 9 Scientific & Electrical Equipment, Computers Scientific, nautical, surveying, electric, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signaling, checking- supervision, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment, and computers; fire-extinguishing apparatus.
Class 10 Medical Equipment Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials.
Class 11 Lighting Equipment Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes.
Class 12 Vehicles Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.
Class 13 Firearms Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks.
Class 14 Jewellery Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewellery, precious stones; horological and other chronometric instruments.
Class 15 Musical Instruments Musical instruments.
Class 16 Stationery & Printed Matter Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites- except furniture; instructional and teaching material- except apparatus; plastic materials for packaging- not included in other classes; playing cards; printers’ type; printing blocks.
Class 17 Rubber Goods & Flexible Pipes Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal.
Class 18 Leather Goods Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides, trunks, and traveling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness, and saddlery.
Class 19 Non-Metallic Building Materials & Rigid Pipes Building materials,- non-metallic, non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch, and bitumen; nonmetallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.
Class 20 Furniture & related goods Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods- not included in other classes of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics.
Class 21 Household Items Household or kitchen utensils and containers(not of precious metal or coated therewith; combs and sponges; brushes(except paints brushes; brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass- except glass used in building; glassware, porcelain, and earthenware not included in other classes.
Class 22 Ropes & related items Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks, and bags- not included in other classes padding and stuffing materials(except rubber or plastics; raw fibrous textile materials
Class 23 Yarns & Threads Yarns and threads, for textile use.
Class 24 Textiles (Fabrics) Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.
Class 25 Garments & Footwear Clothing, footwear, headgear.
Class 26 Fancy Goods Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers.
Class 27 Floor coverings Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings non-textile.
Class 28 Toys & Sporting Articles Games and playthings, gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees.
Class 29 Meats & Processed Foods Meat, fish, poultry, and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk, and milk products; edible oils and fats.
Class 30 Tea, Coffee & cereals preparations Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces,- condiments; spices; ice.
Class 31 Fruits, Flowers, Vegetables & Agricultural Products Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants, and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt.
Class 32 Light Beverages Beers, mineral and aerated waters, and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.
Class 33 Wine and spirits Alcoholic beverages- except beers.
Class 34 Smokers’ articles Tobacco, smokers’ articles, matches.
Trademark Classification of Services
Class Number Industry Description
Class 35 Advertising, business, retailing and online services Advertising, business management, business administration, office functions.
Class 36 Real estate, insurance and financial Insurance, financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.
Class 37 Building construction and repair Building construction; repair; installation services.
Class 38 Broadcasting and telecommunications Telecommunications.
Class 39 Transportation & Travels Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.
Class 40 Treatment of Materials Treatment of materials.
Class 41 Education & Entertainment Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.
Class 42 Design & Development Of Software & Hardware Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.
Class 43 Restaurants & Hotel Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.
Class 44 Medical, Beauty & Agricultural Medical services, veterinary services, hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture, and forestry services.
Class 45 Legal, Social & Security Services Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.

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